This comes as the United States set a record for coronavirus cases on Saturday, with over 5 million people now infected with the virus across the US.
According to a Reuters analysis, the US now leads the world in the virus cases with one out of every 66 residents in the country infected and so far over 160,000 have died there.
Meanwhile, the White House and top Democrats in Congress have failed to reach an agreement over how to help Americans amid the heavy human and economic toll of the crisis.
Trump said Saturday that the executive orders would make it possible to provide an extra $400 per week in unemployment payments, but that is less than the $600 per week passed earlier in the crisis.
Also, some of the measures were liable to face legal challenges, as the US Constitution gives Congress authority over federal spending.
“This is the money they need, this is the money they want, this gives them an incentive to go back to work,” Trump said of the lower payments, noting states would pay 25% of it, as their budgets have been badly affected by the pandemic.
Although Republicans have called higher payments a disincentive for jobless Americans to try to return to work, economists, including Federal Reserve officials, disputed that description.
Meanwhile, Trump’s move to stop Congress having control over relief measures drew immediate criticism from some Democrats.